Behind the English world territorial expansion and the industrial revolution, during the Victorian age, a great quantity of poor, homeless and unemployed crowded many England cities. Hackney became in the second half of the 19th century a suburb of the Metropolis. Most of the substantial houses in Mare Street, once gentlemen dwellings, were converted to houses for institutional or charitable purposes (a lunatic asylum, a school, an orphanage and elsewhere hospices, work houses, etc.). The New Lansdowne Club became a refuge for destitute females discharged from the metropolitan goals.
Workhouse. Example of a typical istitution of the Victorian age